Commentary On The Book of Jasher
The Whole Story (Excerpts)
Written by Gary Primo
The Book of Jasher begins with the creation of man rather than the earth. It appears to add many details to the historical events of the Torah. What surprised me the most was its total omission of any reference to fallen angels, their mating with the daughters of man and producing giant offspring? Yet it fills in missing gaps in the case of Abraham’s birth and early life. It also gives much more details concerning the sons of Jacob, their exploits and the hardships they endured in Egypt. It also covers the exodus and the conquest of the Promised Land. It is more history than actual instruction.
In contrast, the Book of Enoch is more instruction than history. There can be no doubt left by the end of this book that Enoch was indeed a very righteous and wise man. Enoch does make reference to the fallen angels and the terror they caused on the earth, which led mankind further into sin and were the prime reason Yahuwah brought the flood upon the earth. Again there are many tidbits that fill in gaps and answer questions left by the Torah.
Even though there are some questionable passages and terms in both of these books, such as the height of the Tower of Babylon (Jasher), the height of the giants (Enoch), and the use of the term “Son of Man”, they are otherwise very useful aids that compliment Torah understanding and give us a more complete picture of the past.
In the Beginning
This “beginning” starts with the creation of man, since the Torah is the only one of the three books that covers the “creation week” and we have nothing to compare it to. I am sure we are all familiar with the Torah account of the creation and temptation of man. The Book of Jasher has only a little to add.
Jasher 1:12 – And Yahuwah Elohim drove them that day from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which they were taken, and they went and dwelt at the east of the garden of Eden; and Adam knew his wife Eve and she bore two sons and three daughters.
The Torah does not mention the fact that Adam and Eve had three daughters around the same time they had Cain and Abel. It is a small point, but these daughters would have eventually had to become the wives of one of their brothers since there were no other women around at the time. This is the only mention of them in the book of Jasher.
Jasher adds a little more information concerning the contention between Cain and Abel that led to Abel’s death.
16. And unto Cain and his offering Yahuwah did not turn, and he did not incline to it, for he had brought from the inferior fruit of the ground before Yahuwah, and Cain was jealous against his brother Abel on account of this, and he sought a pretext to slay him.
17. And in some time after, Cain and Abel his brother, went one day into the field to do their work; and they were both in the field, Cain tilling and ploughing his ground, and Abel feeding his flock; and the flock passed that part which Cain had ploughed in the ground, and it sorely grieved Cain on this account.
18. And Cain approached his brother Abel in anger, and he said unto him, What is there between me and thee, that thou comest to dwell and bring thy flock to feed in my land?
19. And Abel answered his brother Cain and said unto him, What is there between me and thee, that thou shalt eat the flesh of my flock and clothe thyself with their wool?
20. And now therefore, put off the wool of my sheep with which thou hast clothed thyself, and recompense me for their fruit and flesh which thou hast eaten, and when thou shalt have done this, I will then go from thy land as thou hast said?
The law of such offerings must have indeed been in place for there to have been any form of transgression involved with the manner in which they were offered. In fact, the more I look into it, the more evidence I find that many the laws Yahuwah gave to Israel were merely a revival of former laws which were undoubtedly given to Adam in the very beginning. We know the Sabbath law was given right from the start; and even though not much is said about it, I am sure that Yahuwah fully instructed Adam concerning all of the law, not just the one concerning the two trees. That was something totally different. All the Laws of Yahuwah are for instruction unto salvation and for testing. But this particular test (of the two trees) was one that would set the course for all of mankind till the end of days. We can also know of a certainty that the clean and unclean food laws were in place when Noah was gathering the animals into the ark, for how else would he have known which were clean and which were unclean?
So verse 16 reveals that there was some sort of law involving the sacrifices in place at this time and that Cain violated one of these laws in offering up fruit of the land that was inferior in quality and demonstrated his unhealthy spiritual attitude toward Yahuwah. On the other hand Abel offered up the very best of his flock, demonstrating that he feared and respected Yahuwah.
What started the final argument between Cain and Abel was that Abel allowed his flocks to walk across Cain’s freshly plowed fields. In verse 18 Cain claims that it was his land. Whether the two brothers had certain parcels of land given them is unclear. After all they had an entire planet to choose from. But the argument was over Abel’s indifference to the hard work Cain had gone to plough the field. To tell the truth, I think I would have been a little angry with Abel myself – but not to the point of murder. But then Cain was looking for an excuse to kill Abel from the time that Yahuwah chose Abel’s offering over his.
Now I don’t know about the rest of my readers but I see a messianic slant to this story. Adam was the firstborn of all mankind and; therefore, was to be the messiah of mankind. If he had not of sinned, the world would have never known death and suffering. Since Adam failed in his appointment and set the course of rebellion against Yahuwah for all of mankind, Yahuwah had to look for a replacement for him. He found in Abel one that had a righteous heart and unwavering faith in his Elohim. So he became a type of the Messiah and an example for the rest of mankind just like Yahushua was the example for all of creation. Naturally Cain represented the carnal nature of all mankind and slew the anointed one of Yahuwah, thinking that instead of changing his own attitude, he would solve the problem by killing the example that was set before him. The Jewish authorities were of the exact same attitude when they killed the Messiah Yahushua. Since the sins of the father are visited upon his children to the third and fourth generations, all man had to do was resist temptation and follow Yahuwah for four generations to be sin free and perhaps change the course of history, but they could not even do that. Yahuwah has given man plenty of chances to transform themselves, but the result is always the same.
From the sound of the argument Abel shot back that since Cain had free access to all that was Abel’s he should not be angry with him for crossing his land. Since Cain was looking for an excuse to kill him anyway, he would not see Abel’s side of the argument at all. He should have taken the dispute before Yahuwah, or at least before Adam, for a resolution but instead took it upon himself to judge and execute his brother. For his actions, Cain was banished from the land of his father, Adam, and sentenced to wonder the earth and scratch and claw for his existence.
And the sons of men went and they served other gods, and they forgot Yahuwah who had created them in the earth: and in those days the sons of men made images of brass and iron, wood and stone, and they bowed down and served them.
And every man made his god and they bowed down to them, and the sons of men forsook Yahuwah all the days of Enosh and his children; and the anger of Yahuwah was kindled on account of their works and abominations which they did in the earth.
And Yahuwah caused the waters of the river Gihon to overwhelm them, and he destroyed and consumed them, and he destroyed the third part of the earth, and notwithstanding this, the sons of men did not turn from their evil ways, and their hands were yet extended to do evil in the sight of Yahuwah.
For us whom Yahuwah has granted sight, it seems inconceivable that mankind would so soon after the creation forget the One who created them. However, we also know from the way the world views us and from the lives that we ourselves were called out of, that the unrighteous mind can easily deceive itself and create a totally false reality, following the same path as Adam and determining right from wrong as if we were already elohim. Of course when you start with a bad foundation the whole house is affected. It is the same with mankind. His reasoning begins with false premises and therefore has no other direction but the wrong one. Here we have another case of mankind rejecting his Creator and making himself and his idols gods in His place.
Jasher includes here information that is not found in the Torah, which is that Yahuwah caused a relatively minor flood at that time that wiped out only a third part of the earth – a forewarning the greater flood to come. Rather than seeing this as coming from Yahuwah and repenting, mankind simply carried on as if it was just one of those twists of “nature” that cannot be avoided. Even the Noation flood did nothing to change the heart of man. It will be much the same in the last days also when mankind will refuse to see the lessons that Yahuwah is giving them in the plagues He sends upon them and continue to place all their faith in themselves and the gods that they have created.
11. And Cainan grew up and he was forty years old, and he became wise and had knowledge and skill in all wisdom, and he reigned over all the sons of men, and he led the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge; for Cainan was a very wise man and had understanding in all wisdom, and with his wisdom he ruled over spirits and demons;
This information is not mentioned in the Torah either. Cainan was the grandson of Seth. According to the Book of Jasher, he “reigned over all the sons of men, and he led the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge”. He was so wise that he even ruled over spirits and demons (righteous and fallen angels). You would think that he would command greater mention in the Torah but does not. Naturally one must assume that after the death of Cainan mankind reverted back to its perversion again.
13. And in those days Cainan wrote upon tablets of stone, what was to take place in time to come, and he put them in his treasures.
And Cainan reigned over the whole earth, and he turned some of the sons of men to the service of God.
Here the author is clarifying that not all of the sons of men turned to Yahuwah. This is kind of unusual since the norm throughout history seems to be that the general population follows their king no matter what. It would seem that man’s proclivity is “love sin above all else”.
21. And some of the sons of men caused their wives to drink a draught that would render them barren, in order that they might retain their figures and whereby their beautiful appearance might not fade.
22. And when the sons of men caused some of their wives to drink, Zillah drank with them.
23. And the child-bearing women appeared abominable in the sight of their husbands as widows, whilst their husbands lived, for to the barren ones only they were attached.
I suspect that this was the first type of birth control ever practiced. While reading this passage, I wondered what the draught was made from and if it needed only to be consumed once or daily? Verse 24 and 25 tell us that Yahuwah opened Zillah’s womb again near the end of her days and she produced a son and a daughter afterward.
This phenomenon is running rampant in our day. Many women these days do not want to have children because of their concern about their looks. This is one of the highest forms of vanity where women are concerned. However, here it was the men who did not want their wives to lose their figures and shunned the wives who had given birth. A number of men today also shun their wives following child birth and either leave or take on mistresses. I confess that I had the big snip done following the birth of my last daughter. Although I now feel guilty for having that done, I am now 61 and unmarried so I see no need to reverse the surgery. However, Yahuwah did command mankind to multiply upon the earth and knowing what I know today I would have never had it done. Who knows, Yahuwah might have given me the son I always wanted.
26. And Lamech was old and advanced in years, and his eyes were dim that he could not see, and Tubal Cain, his son, was leading him and it was one day that Lamech went into the field and Tubal Cain his son was with him, and whilst they were walking in the field, Cain the son of Adam advanced towards them; for Lamech was very old and could not see much, and Tubal Cain his son was very young.
27. And Tubal Cain told his father to draw his bow, and with the arrows he smote Cain, who was yet far off, and he slew him, for he appeared to them to be an animal.
28. And the arrows entered Cain’s body although he was distant from them, and he fell to the ground and died. And Yahuwah requited Cain’s evil according to his wickedness, which he had done to his brother Abel, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken.
29. And it came to pass when Cain had died, that Lamech and Tubal went to see the animal which they had slain, and they saw, and behold Cain their grandfather was fallen dead upon the earth.
And Lamech was very much grieved at having done this, and in clapping his hands together he struck his son and caused his death.
12. Noah the son of Lamech refrained from taking a wife in those days, to beget children, for he said, Surely now Elohim will destroy the earth, wherefore then shall I beget children?
And Noah was a just man, he was perfect in his generation, and Yahuwah chose him to raise up seed from his seed upon the face of the earth.
And Yahuwah said unto Noah, Take unto thee a wife, and beget children, for I have seen thee righteous before me in this generation.
And thou shalt raise up seed, and thy children with thee, in the midst of the earth; and Noah went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah the daughter of Enoch, and she was five hundred and eighty years old.
How many times have you heard, “I don’t want to have children because I do not want to bring them into such an evil world”? These were Noah’s thoughts as well. However, this was a violation of Yahuwah’s command to multiply upon the earth. Yahuwah had to correct Noah on this account and assure him his children would be safe.
16. And Noah was four hundred and ninety-eight years old, when he took Naamah for a wife.
17. And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, saying, Elohim has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, Elohim has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the earth.
Gen. 6:8 – But Noah found grace in the eyes of Yahuwah.
9 – These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with Elohim.
10 – And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Gen. 9:18 – And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.
19 – These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.
Gen. 10:1 – Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
21 – Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
Now, when I first read the Book of Jasher, I thought he was mistaken concerning the birth order of Noah’s sons because the Torah always lists them in a different order giving the impression that Shem was the first born, followed by Ham and lastly Japheth. However, verse 10 shows that Japheth was indeed “the elder”. I had completely overlooked this verse previously. This confirms my contention that we must never stop searching for all truth. No matter how confident we are in what we already “know” we must never assume that what we know is the absolute truth and be ready at all times to test our knowledge.
The Torah makes only a brief mention of this character, Nimrod.
Gen. 10:8 – And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
9 – He was a mighty hunter before Yahuwah: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before Yahuwah.
10 – And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11 – Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
12 – And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.
13 – And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
14 – And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
The Book of Jasher goes into much greater detail.
23. And Cush the son of Ham, the son of Noah, took a wife in those days in his old age, and she bare a son, and they called his name Nimrod, saying, At that time the sons of men again began to rebel and transgress against Elohim, and the child grew up, and his father loved him exceedingly, for he was the son of his old age.
24. And the garments of skin which Elohim made for Adam and his wife, when they went out of the garden, were given to Cush.
For after the death of Adam and his wife, the garments were given to Enoch, the son of Jared, and when Enoch was taken up to Elohim, he gave them to Methuselah, his son.
And at the death of Methuselah, Noah took them and brought them to the ark, and they were with him until he went out of the ark.
And in their going out, Ham stole those garments from Noah his father, and he took them and hid them from his brothers.
And when Ham begat his first born Cush, he gave him the garments in secret, and they were with Cush many days.
And Cush also concealed them from his sons and brothers, and when Cush had begotten Nimrod, he gave him those garments through his love for him, and Nimrod grew up, and when he was twenty years old he put on those garments.
30. And Nimrod became strong when he put on the garments, and Elohim gave him might and strength, and he was a mighty hunter in the earth, yea, he was a mighty hunter in the field, and he hunted the animals and he built altars, and he offered upon them the animals before Yahuwah.
The Torah makes no mention whatsoever concerning these garments that Yahuwah made for Adam being passed on from generation to generation or having any particular power associated to them. Jasher claims that wearing these garments gave Nimrod his great strength and imparted righteousness to him somehow. At least it would seem that Nimrod was blessed in his earliest exploits by Yahuwah. The wearing of these garments would have likely been seen by the general population as a symbol of authority over the rest of the earth. According to the birth order commonly rendered in the Torah it was obviously Shem who was favoured by Yahuwah. If Ham had not of stolen these garments, I am reasonably sure that they would have gone to Shem.
And Nimrod strengthened himself, and he rose up from amongst his brethren, and he fought the battles of his brethren against all their enemies round about.
And Yahuwah delivered all the enemies of his brethren in his hands, and Elohim prospered him from time to time in his battles, and he reigned upon earth.
Therefore it became current in those days, when a man ushered forth those that he had trained up for battle, he would say to them, Like Elohim did to Nimrod, who was a mighty hunter in the earth, and who succeeded in the battles that prevailed against his brethren, that he delivered them from the hands of their enemies, so may Elohim strengthen us and deliver us this day.
The entire world wanted to be like Nimrod – brave, strong, mighty in battle and a great hunter. He was their hero, their Superman, their messiah, etc. They began to worship him in place of Yahuwah; and Nimrod’s celebrity status went right to his head and he started to imitate the same abomination as men did before the flood.
And when Nimrod was forty years old, at that time there was a war between his brethren and the children of Japheth, so that they were in the power of their enemies.
And Nimrod went forth at that time, and he assembled all the sons of Cush and their families, about four hundred and sixty men, and he hired also from some of his friends and acquaintances about eighty men, and be gave them their hire, and he went with them to battle, and when he was on the road, Nimrod strengthened the hearts of the people that went with him.
And he said to them, Do not fear, neither be alarmed, for all our enemies will be delivered into our hands, and you may do with them as you please.
Nimrod was pretty confident that Yahuwah was on his side at this point.
And all the men that went were about five hundred, and they fought against their enemies, and they destroyed them, and subdued them, and Nimrod placed standing officers over them in their respective places.
And he took some of their children as security, and they were all servants to Nimrod and to his brethren, and Nimrod and all the people that were with him turned homeward.
And when Nimrod had joyfully returned from battle, after having conquered his enemies, all his brethren, together with those who knew him before, assembled to make him king over them, and they placed the regal crown upon his head.
The implication here is that not only were the people making Nimrod their king but their “god” as well.
And he set over his subjects and people, princes, judges, and rulers, as is the custom amongst kings.
And he placed Terah the son of Nahor the prince of his host, and he dignified him and elevated him above all his princes.
Terah was from the line of Shem – his great, great, great, great, great, great grandson.
However, he did not follow the instruction of Noah and Shem, who were both still alive and living elsewhere to the west. Instead, Terah followed the customs and abominations of the followers of Nimrod. Yet Yahuwah had predetermined that the royal lineage was to continue through Terah by way of his son Abram (Abraham).
And whilst he was reigning according to his heart’s desire, after having conquered all his enemies around, he advised with his counselors to build a city for his palace, and they did so.
Like so many of the kings before him, Nimrod became puffed up with power and began to do whatever was pleasing in his sight.
And they found a large valley opposite to the east, and they built him a large and extensive city, and Nimrod called the name of the city that he built Shinar, for Yahuwah had vehemently shaken his enemies and destroyed them.
And Nimrod dwelt in Shinar, and he reigned securely, and he fought with his enemies and he subdued them, and he prospered in all his battles, and his kingdom became very great.
And all nations and tongues heard of his fame, and they gathered themselves to him, and they bowed down to the earth, and they brought him offerings, and he became their lord and king, and they all dwelt with him in the city at Shinar, and Nimrod reigned in the earth over all the sons of Noah, and they were all under his power and counsel.
What it is saying here is that the population of the entire earth gathered to worship Nimrod and recognize him as the only authority under Yahuwah on the Earth. This is much the same as the Catholic’s view of their Pope today. Pope worship, emperor worship, it’s all the same thing – worship of anyone other than the One True Elohim. Such is the way of the world. It wants a deity that they can see, touch, blame and cast down if necessary.
And all the earth was of one tongue and words of union, but Nimrod did not go in the ways of Yahuwah, and he was more wicked than all the men that were before him, from the days of the flood until those days.
And he made gods of wood and stone, and he bowed down to them, and he rebelled against Yahuwah, and taught all his subjects and the people of the earth his wicked ways; and Mardon his son was more wicked than his father.
And every one that heard of the acts of Mardon the son of Nimrod would say, concerning him, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness; therefore it became a proverb in the whole earth, saying, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness, and it was current in the words of men from that time to this.
A fellow Believer and Truth Seeker from Texas, Cathy Key, sent me this juicy tidbit.
Oh and by the way, during my quiet time the other morning as I was reading from the HalleluYah Scriptures, I stumbled across something that I’d just read in Yasher. It was the ancient saying “Out of the wicked comes forth wickedness”, referring to Nimrod’s evil son, Mardon. Well, I was reading in Shemu’el 1 (1 Samuel) chapter 24 about the future King Dawid’s continual escapes from King Shaul, when low and behold, here is what Dawid says to Shaul… “As the proverb of the ancients says, ‘Wickedness comes from the wicked’.” King Dawid was quoting directly from Yasher!
1 Sam. 24:13 – As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
This reference to the Book of Jasher is not mentioned by any of the Bible commentators that I know of. Therefore, I believe that all the credit goes to Cathy for this discovery.
Parson’s Bible Dictionary
Jashar UPRIGHT. “THE BOOK OF JASHAR,” RENDERED IN THE SEPTUAGINT “THE BOOK OF THE UPRIGHT ONE,” BY THE VULGATE “THE BOOK OF JUST ONES,” WAS PROBABLY A KIND OF NATIONAL SACRED SONG-BOOK, A COLLECTION OF SONGS IN PRAISE OF THE HEROES OF ISRAEL, A “BOOK OF GOLDEN DEEDS,” A NATIONAL ANTHOLOGY. WE HAVE ONLY TWO SPECIMENS FROM THE BOOK, (1.) the words of Joshua which he spake to the Lord at the crisis of the battle of Beth-horon (Josh. 10:12, 13); and (2.) “the Song of the Bow,” that beautiful and touching mournful elegy which David composed on the occasion of the death of Saul and Jonathan (2 Sam. 1:18-27).
And Terah the son of Nahor, prince of Nimrod’s host, was in those days very great in the sight of the king and his subjects, and the king and princes loved him, and they elevated him very high.
And Terah took a wife and her name was Amthelo the daughter of Cornebo; and the wife of Terah conceived and bare him a son in those days.
Terah was seventy years old when he begat him, and Terah called the name of his son that was born to him Abram, because the king had raised him in those days, and dignified him above all his princes that were with him.
It is strange that someone not even descended from Cush would have been promoted over all the other rightfully descended princes. This speaks volumes of the wisdom and other qualities that Terah brought to the table that endeared him to the people.
And it was in the night that Abram was born, that all the servants of Terah, and all the wise men of Nimrod, and his conjurors came and ate and drank in the house of Terah, and they rejoiced with him on that night.
And when all the wise men and conjurors went out from the house of Terah, they lifted up their eyes toward heaven that night to look at the stars, and they saw, and behold one very large star came from the east and ran in the heavens, and he swallowed up the four stars from the four sides of the heavens.
And all the wise men of the king and his conjurors were astonished at the sight, and the sages understood this matter, and they knew its import.
And they said to each other, This only betokens the child that has been born to Terah this night, who will grow up and be fruitful, and multiply, and possess all the earth, he and his children for ever, and he and his seed will slay great kings, and inherit their lands.
And the wise men and conjurors went home that night, and in the morning all these wise men and conjurors rose up early, and assembled in an appointed house.
And they spoke and said to each other, Behold the sight that we saw last night is hidden from the king, it has not been made known to him.
These “wise men and conjurors” knew the instant they saw the sign in the heavens that Terah’s newborn son would grow up to be someone very important in Yahuwah’s scheme of things. They recognized that someone from Abram’s line of descent would eventually bring Nimrod’s empire crashing down around him. We will shortly see how that would come about.
These same “wise men and conjurors” met the next day to decide what to do, knowing that the king yet had no knowledge of the importance of this child. Fearing what would become of them if the king later found out that they had kept it from him, they decided that the king (Nimrod) must be told.
11. And thy servants were astonished at the sight which we saw, and were greatly terrified, and we made our judgment upon the sight, and knew by our wisdom the proper interpretation thereof, that this thing applies to the child that is born to Terah, who will grow up and multiply greatly, and become powerful, and kill all the kings of the earth, and inherit all their lands, he and his seed forever.
And now our lord and king, behold we have truly acquainted thee with what we have seen concerning this child.
If it seemeth good to the king to give his father value for this child, we will slay him before he shall grow up and increase in the land, and his evil increase against us, that we and our children perish through his evil.
And the king heard their words and they seemed good in his sight, and he sent and called for Terah, and Terah came before the king.
What these wise men and conjurors overlooked or ignored was the fact that the birth of this child and his destiny came for Yahuwah. They actually thought that if they killed the child they would take care of the problem. King Herod in Yahushua’s time would seek the same solution in regards to the Messiah, Yahushua.
Terah did appear before Nimrod and was ordered to bring his son before the king so that he might be killed. Terah brought the son of one of his servants instead. The king had the child killed and thought that all good. However, Terah hid Abram for 10 years in a cave with his mother and a nurse and afterward sent him to the home of Noah and Shem to be raised in the ways of Yahuwah. And the child grew up becoming increasingly wise in the ways of Yahuwah and never ceased serving his Elohim. However, the day would come when he would return to Ur desiring to see his father and family.
6. And Terah took Abram his son secretly, together with his mother and nurse, and he concealed them in a cave, and he brought them their provisions monthly.
7. And Yahuwah was with Abram in the cave and he grew up, and Abram was in the cave ten years, and the king and his princes, soothsayers and sages, thought that the king had killed Abram.
10. And there was not a man found in those days in the whole earth, who knew Yahuwah (for they served each man his own Elohim) except Noah and his household, and all those who were under his counsel knew Yahuwah in those days.
No one on earth except for Noah and his household knew or were obedient to Yahuwah. How unbelievable is that? Only eight generations after the flood and the world is right back where it started. How can mankind be duped so easily? HaSatan is a much greater adversary than most can imagine.
One other significant event took place before Abraham returned to Ur.
The Tower of Babylon
21. And all the princes of Nimrod and his great men took counsel together; Phut, Mitzraim, Cush and Canaan with their families, and they said to each other, Come let us build ourselves a city and in it a strong tower, and its top reaching heaven, and we will make ourselves famed, so that we may reign upon the whole world, in order that the evil of our enemies may cease from us, that we may reign mightily over them, and that we may not become scattered over the earth on account of their wars.
22. And they all went before the king, and they told the king these words, and the king agreed with them in this affair, and he did so.
23. And all the families assembled consisting of about six hundred thousand men, and they went to seek an extensive piece of ground to build the city and the tower, and they sought in the whole earth and they found none like one valley at the east of the land of Shinar, about two days’ walk, and they journeyed there and they dwelt there.
24. And they began to make bricks and burn fires to build the city and the tower that they had imagined to complete.
25. And the building of the tower was unto them a transgression and a sin, and they began to build it, and whilst they were building against Yahuwah Elohim of heaven, they imagined in their hearts to war against him and to ascend into heaven.
26. And all these people and all the families divided themselves in three parts; the first said We will ascend into heaven and fight against him; the second said, We will ascend to heaven and place our own gods there and serve them; and the third part said, We will ascend to heaven and smite him with bows and spears; and Elohim knew all their works and all their evil thoughts, and he saw the city and the tower which they were building.
27. And when they were building they built themselves a great city and a very high and strong tower; and on account of its height the mortar and bricks did not reach the builders in their ascent to it, until those who went up had completed a full year, and after that, they reached to the builders and gave them the mortar and the bricks; thus was it done daily.
28. And behold these ascended and others descended the whole day; and if a brick should fall from their hands and get broken, they would all weep over it, and if a man fell and died, none of them would look at him.
29. And Yahuwah knew their thoughts, and it came to pass when they were building they cast the arrows toward the heavens, and all the arrows fell upon them filled with blood, and when they saw them they said to each other, Surely we have slain all those that are in heaven.
30. For this was from Yahuwah in order to cause them to err, and in order; to destroy them from off the face of the ground.
31. And they built the tower and the city, and they did this thing daily until many days and years were elapsed.
These men were foolish to the point of being almost retarded. It was like they had no concept of distance or height. They obviously had no knowledge concerning the atmosphere above the earth. They obviously started out with a good solid base if it took two days to walk around it; however, I believe that its height has been greatly exaggerated.
atmosphere Envelope of gases surrounding the Earth and shielding it from the harsh environment of space. The gases it contains are vital to life. About 95% by weight of the Earth’s atmosphere lies below the 25km (15 mile) altitude; the mixture of gases in the lower atmosphere is commonly called air. The atmosphere’s composition by weight is: nitrogen 78.09%, oxygen 20.9%, argon 0.93%, 0.03% of carbon dioxide, plus 0.05% of hydrogen, the inert gases and varying amounts of water vapour. The atmosphere can be conceived as concentric shells; the innermost is the troposphere, in which dust and water vapour create clouds and weather. The stratosphere extends from 10–55km (8–36mi) and is cooler and clearer and contains ozone. Above, to a height of 70km (43mi), is the mesosphere in which chemical reactions occur, powered by sunlight. The temperature climbs steadily in the thermosphere, which gives way to the exosphere at c.400km (250mi), where helium and hydrogen may be lost into space. The ionosphere ranges from c.50km (30mi) out into the Van Allen radiation belts.
Now, I have been involved in the building trade most of my life. I have done a lot of work on high ladders and scaffolds and when I first read that it took one full year for these labourers to climb to the top of this tower, I was immediately skeptical. We know that when airplanes flying at an altitude of only 1-1 ½ miles above the earth run into trouble the very first concern is oxygen to breath. Therefore, how could these men have reached that height or higher without oxygen? Let’s use the least ridiculous scenario and say that this tower was only one mile high. One mile equals 5280 ft. Divide that by 365 days to find out how far they climbed in one day. 5280 / 365 = 14.46 ft. per day. Even using the Hebrew measure of a year, you only get 14.66 ft. per day. I could climb that far in about ½ a minute. A sloth could climb faster. Let look at it from a different angle. Let’s give these workmen the benefit of the doubt and say that they were able to climb 1,000 feet a day, which I feel would be reasonable. 365 x 1,000 = 365,000 feet in one year. Divide 365,000 ft. by 5,280 ft and you get 69.13 miles as the height of this tower. That would put the top of the tower within 1 mile of the mesosphere, 68 times the altitude that our passenger planes fly. This is so far beyond the realm of reality that one has to be skeptical of this report. Yet, I’d bet that most reading this even today, would pass over it without a second thought. We examined the claim of the height of the giants earlier. Both claims together prove one thing; our ancient ancestors had no concept of how to accurately measure height.
Of course, the whole point of the story is about their attitude towards Yahuwah. Their intent was to overthrown the Creator of the universe. How stupid and backwards could these people have been? And yet, in the last day, the armies of the world are going to collaborate to fight against Yahushua and his army of angels when he returns. This demonstrates the blinding effect of the Way of HaSatan and the fact that mankind has not really changed all that much since the days of Nimrod. The conclusion is simply that sin makes one stupid.
Abraham Returns to Ur
And in the fiftieth year of the life of Abram son of Terah, Abram came forth from the house of Noah, and went to his father’s house.
And Abram knew Yahuwah, and he went in his ways and instructions, and Yahuwah his Elohim was with him.
And Terah his father was in those days, still captain of the host of king Nimrod, and he still followed strange elohim.
And Abram came to his father’s house and saw twelve elohim standing there in their temples, and the anger of Abram was kindled when he saw these images in his father’s house.
And Abram said, As Yahuwah liveth these images shall not remain in my father’s house; so shall Yahuwah who created me do unto me if in three days’ time I do not break them all.
The whole story is quite lengthy so I will condense it for the purpose of this study and only insert key verses; however, I do encourage everyone to read it for themselves.
The following is the discourse between Abram and his father Terah after Terah found out what he had done.
38. And he found Abram his son still sitting in the house; and he said to him, What is this work thou hast done to my elohim?
39. And Abram answered Terah his father and he said, Not so my lord, for I brought savory meat before them, and when I came nigh to them with the meat that they might eat, they all at once stretched forth their hands to eat before the great one had put forth his hand to eat.
40. And the large one saw their works that they did before him, and his anger was violently kindled against them, and he went and took the hatchet that was in the house and came to them and broke them all, and behold the hatchet is yet in his hand as thou seest.
41. And Terah’s anger was kindled against his son Abram, when he spoke this; and Terah said to Abram his son in his anger, What is this tale that thou hast told? Thou speakest lies to me.
42. Is there in these gods spirit, soul or power to do all thou hast told me? Are they not wood and stone, and have I not myself made them, and canst thou speak such lies, saying that the large god that was with them smote them? It is thou that didst place the hatchet in his hands, and then sayest he smote them all.
43. And Abram answered his father and said to him, And how canst thou then serve these idols in whom there is no power to do any thing? Can those idols in which thou trustest deliver thee? can they hear thy prayers when thou callest upon them? can they deliver thee from the hands of thy enemies, or will they fight thy battles for thee against thy enemies, that thou shouldst serve wood and stone which can neither speak nor hear?
44. And now surely it is not good for thee nor for the sons of men that are connected with thee, to do these things; are you so silly, so foolish or so short of understanding that you will serve wood and stone, and do after this manner?
Abraham did keep his oath and destroyed all the vain images belonging to his father. Terah readily admitted that the images that he had made were useless but such is the way of man, always wanting to “tailor make” the gods whom they serve. His father was very angry with Abraham and reported his actions to King Nimrod without thinking about the consequences of his actions. After all, he had delivered to Nimrod the infant of one of his servants in place of Abraham to be murdered. Now he would have to come up with an excuse to explain why he had not done as the king ordered.
I was once doing some work for a Greek home builder and somehow we got into a discussion on religion. One comment he made was, “God did not make man, man made God”. I did not realize the truth of this statement until years later.This is precisely the foundation of all pagan religions. They make gods to suit their carnal desires.
Abraham was brought before the king and the following was his answer to the charges against him.
50. And Terah, seeing all that Abram had done, hastened to go from his house, and he went to the king and he came before Nimrod and stood before him, and he bowed down to the king; and the king said, What dost thou want?
51. And he said, I beseech thee my lord, to hear me–Now fifty years back a child was born to me, and thus has he done to my gods and thus has he spoken; and now therefore, my lord and king, send for him that he may come before thee, and judge him according to the law, that we may be delivered from his evil.
52. And the king sent three men of his servants, and they went and brought Abram before the king. And Nimrod and all his princes and servants were that day sitting before him, and Terah sat also before them.
53. And the king said to Abram, What is this that thou hast done to thy father and to his gods? And Abram answered the king in the words that he spoke to his father, and he said, The large elohim that was with them in the house did to them what thou hast heard.
54. And the king said to Abram, Had they power to speak and eat and do as thou hast said? And Abram answered the king, saying, And if there be no power in them why dost thou serve them and cause the sons of men to err through thy follies?
55. Dost thou imagine that they can deliver thee or do anything small or great, that thou shouldst serve them? And why wilt thou not sense the Elohim of the whole universe, who created thee and in whose power it is to kill and keep alive?
56. 0 foolish, simple, and ignorant king, woe unto thee forever.
Here is an example of one who feared no man, only the Creator Elohim. Here he was before the king of the entire earth (not that he was the rightful king) and he not only slams his religious beliefs, but calls him a fool, simple and ignorant. How’s that for getting off on the wrong foot? For all Nimrods power and authority, he was behaving like the biggest fool on the planet and leading all his subjects in his folly. The king consulted with his princes and wise men who recommended the following.
5.And they all answered the king saying, The man who revileth the king should be hanged upon a tree; but having done all the things that he said, and having despised our elohim, he must therefore be burned to death, for this is the law in this matter.
If it pleaseth the king to do this, let him order his servants to kindle a fire both night and day in thy brick furnace, and then we will cast this man into it. And the king did so, and he commanded his servants that they should prepare a fire for three days and three nights in the king’s furnace, that is in Casdim; and the king ordered them to take Abram from prison and bring him out to be burned.
And all the king’s servants, princes, lords, governors, and judges, and all the inhabitants of the land, about nine hundred thousand men, stood opposite the furnace to see Abram.
And all the women and little ones crowded upon the roofs and towers to see what was doing with Abram, and they all stood together at a distance; and there was not a man left that did not come on that day to behold the scene.
And when Abram was come, the conjurors of the king and the sages saw Abram, and they cried out to the king, saying, Our sovereign lord, surely this is the man whom we know to have been the child at whose birth the great star swallowed the four stars, which we declared to the king now fifty years since.
And behold now his father has also transgressed thy commands, and mocked thee by bringing thee another child, which thou didst kill.
And when the king heard their words, he was exceedingly wroth, and he ordered Terah to be brought before him.
By his own foolishness, Terah exposed his crime. Now he had to do some fast talking to save his neck.
15. And the king said Who advised thee to this? Tell me, do not hide aught from me, and then thou shalt not die.
And Terah was greatly terrified in the king’s presence, and he said to the king, It was Haran my eldest son who advised me to this; and Haran was in those days that Abram was born, two and thirty years old.
But Haran did not advise his father to anything, for Terah said this to the king in order to deliver his soul from the king, for he feared greatly; and the king said to Terah, Haran thy son who advised thee to this shall die through fire with Abram; for the sentence of death is upon him for having rebelled against the king’s desire in doing this thing.
And Haran at that time felt inclined to follow the ways of Abram, but he kept it within himself.
And Haran said in his heart, Behold now the king has seized Abram on account of these things which Abram did, and it shall come to pass, that if Abram prevail over the king I will follow him, but if the king prevail I will go after the king.
Haran was what we would call today a “fence sitter”. He was inclined to follow Abram, but feared Nimrod over Yahuwah. In other words, he feared for his physical life over his spiritual. He decided he would wait to see the outcome of this dispute between Abram and Nimrod before he chose who to follow. This would prove to be a huge mistake.
21. And they brought them both, Abram and Haran his brother, to cast them into the fire; and all the inhabitants of the land and the king’s servants and princes and all the women and little ones were there, standing that day over them.
22. And the king’s servants took Abram and his brother, and they stripped them of all their clothes excepting their lower garments which were upon them.
23. And they bound their hands and feet with linen cords, and the servants of the king lifted them up and cast them both into the furnace.
24. And Yahuwah loved Abram and he had compassion over him, and Yahuwah came down and delivered Abram from the fire and he was not burned.
25. But all the cords with which they bound him were burned, while Abram remained and walked about in the fire.
26. And Haran died when they had cast him into the fire, and he was burned to ashes, for his heart was not perfect with Yahuwah; and those men who cast him into the fire, the flame of the fire spread over them, and they were burned, and twelve men of them died.
27. And Abram walked in the midst of the fire three days and three nights, and all the servants of the king saw him walking in the fire, and they came and told the king, saying, Behold we have seen Abram walking about in the midst of the fire, and even the lower garments which are upon him are not burned, but the cord with which he was bound is burned.
28. And when the king heard their words his heart fainted and he would not believe them; so he sent other faithful princes to see this matter, and they went and saw it and told it to the king; and the king rose to go and see it, and he saw Abram walking to and fro in the midst of the fire, and he saw Haran’s body burned, and the king wondered greatly.
29. And the king ordered Abram to be taken out from the fire; and his servants approached to take him out and they could not, for the fire was round about and the flame ascending toward them from the furnace.
30. And the king’s servants fled from it, and the king rebuked them, saying, Make haste and bring Abram out of the fire that you shall not die.
31. And the servants of the king again approached to bring Abram out, and the flames came upon them and burned their faces so that eight of them died.
32. And when the king saw that his servants could not approach the fire lest they should be burned, the king called to Abram, O servant of the Elohim who is in heaven, go forth from amidst the fire and come hither before me; and Abram hearkened to the voice of the king, and he went forth from the fire and came and stood before the king.
33. And when Abram came out the king and all his servants saw Abram coming before the king, with his lower garments upon him, for they were not burned, but the cord with which he was bound was burned.
This is an amazing story of courage and faith. It is difficult to believe that it is not included in the Torah account. When Abram was called to come out of the fire and present himself before the king, the king inquired how it was that he was not burnt. The following was Abram’s answer.
34. And the king said to Abram, How is it that thou wast not burned in the fire?
35. And Abram said to the king, The Elohim of heaven and earth in whom I trust and who has all in his power, he delivered me from the fire into which thou didst cast me.
36. And Haran the brother of Abram was burned to ashes, and they sought for his body, and they found it consumed.
37. And Haran was eighty-two years old when he died in the fire of Casdim. And the king, princes, and inhabitants of the land, seeing that Abram was delivered from the fire, they came and bowed down to Abram.
38. And Abram said to them, Do not bow down to me, but bow down to the Elohim of the world who made you, and serve him, and go in his ways for it is he who delivered me from out of this fire, and it is he who created the souls and spirits of all men, and formed man in his mother’s womb, and brought him forth into the world, and it is he who will deliver those who trust in him from all pain.
39. And this thing seemed very wonderful in the eyes of the king and princes, that Abram was saved from the fire and that Haran was burned; and the king gave Abram many presents and he gave him his two head servants from the king’s house; the name of one was Oni and the name of the other was Eliezer.
Nimrod and all his princes bowed down before Abram and sought to worship him but he stopped them and diverted all worship rightfully towards Yahuwah Elohim who created all things.
Abram remained in Ur for two more years. Then the king had a dream which the wise men and magicians once again interpreted as meaning that his rule would end by Abram’s hand and sought once more to kill Abram.
57. Now therefore my king, surely thou knowest that it is now fifty-two years since thy sages saw this at the birth of Abram, and if my king will suffer Abram to live in the earth it will be to the injury of my lord and king, for all the days that Abram liveth neither thou nor thy kingdom will be established, for this was known formerly at his birth; and why will not my king slay him, that his evil may be kept from thee in latter days?
And Nimrod hearkened to the voice of Anuki, and he sent some of his servants in secret to go and seize Abram, and bring him before the king to suffer death.
Thankfully, one of the two servants (Eliezer) that Nimrod gave to Abraham two years earlier had overheard the conversation between Nimrod and Anuki and warned Abraham to flee. And flee he did, back to the house of Noah. Of course Nimrod knew better than to seek Abraham in Noah’s house, as he was truly feared as the sole representative of Yahuwah on Earth. Now if Nimrod had of had any sense, he would have heeded Abraham’s instructions to return to the worship of Yahuwah, but he did not. Instead he chose to “kill the messenger”.
4. And now therefore if thou wilt hearken to my voice and keep my commandments, my statutes and my laws, then will I cause thy enemies to fall before thee, and I will multiply thy seed like the stars of heaven, and I will send my blessing upon all the works of thy hands, and thou shalt lack nothing.
This is more proof that the commandments, statutes and laws existed from the creation of man and were for all men not just the Jews. They were never formerly spelt out like they were to Moshe and the children of Israel, but they obviously existed and were likely part of the instructions that Noah, Shem and Abraham gave to all who wanted to know Yahuwah. If these laws existed from creation, who was Emperor Constantine to say that they were done away with? Obviously Constantine was abusing his authority and power for his own agenda, as did Nimrod, which was to bring all his subjects under one form of religion. Clearly the laws of Yahuwah stand today as they did at the beginning of creation. NO MAN has the authority or the right to change the law or claim that it has been done away with. Any who do are anathema to the Creator Elohim.
In Jasher 14 there is a short discourse concerning burial of the dead that I want to bring to everyone’s attention.
14. And he commanded them, saying, Thus saith the king, Strengthen yourselves and be valiant men, and let no man be buried here until two hundred pieces of silver be given, and then he may be buried; and those men did according to the order of Rikayon to the people of Egypt the whole of that year.
And in eight months time Rikayon and his men gathered great riches of silver and gold, and Rikayon took a great quantity of horses and other animals, and he hired more men, and he gave them horses and they remained with him.
And when the year came round, at the time the king went forth into the town, all the inhabitants of Egypt assembled together to speak to him concerning the work of Rikayon and his men.
And the king went forth on the appointed day, and all the Egyptians came before him and cried unto him, saying, May the king live forever. What is this thing thou doest in the town to thy servants, not to suffer a dead body to be buried until so much silver and gold be given? Was there ever the like unto this done in the whole earth, from the days of former kings yea even from the days of Adam, unto this day, that the dead should not be buried only for a set price?
Since the creation of man it had been unthinkable to have to pay to bury a dead body. Today it is a huge money making business. We should be able to bury a dead body in any fashion they ask for. Today one can actually go to jail on charges of indignity to a dead body if you do not dispose of a body as prescribed by law. (So much for my Viking funeral).
In those days, the king of Egypt only made a public appearance once a year. When he did appear before the people, they all cried out to him about the injustice of Rikayon in charging them to bury their dead. The king was very angry and ordered that Rikayon be brought before him. Rikayon showed up with a thousand of his “children” and gave great gifts to the king. The king was overjoyed at the gifts and his anger turned to awe and respect. Following the king’s example, the people suddenly changed their attitude towards Rikayon from hatred to love and respect. The end result was that Rikayon became the first Pharaoh of Egypt and every king after him was also given that title.
This is a prime example of how emperor worship works. The people of Egypt had made the king their god and obeyed his every command; however, when it came to the true Elohim, who is only visible to the righteous, they couldn’t care less concerning His laws.
27 – And the king answered and said to Rikayon, Thy name shall no more be called Rikayon but Pharaoh shall be thy name, since thou didst exact a tax from the dead; and he called his name Pharaoh.
31- And Rikayon Pharaoh cunningly usurped the government of Egypt, and he exacted a tax from all the inhabitants of Egypt.
32 – And all the inhabitants of Egypt greatly loved Rikayon Pharaoh, and they made a decree to call every king that should reign over them and their seed in Egypt, Pharaoh.
33 – Therefore all the kings that reigned in Egypt from that time forward were called Pharaoh unto this day.
Isn’t that peculiar how the mind of society works? Here you have a criminal who robbed the people, bribed the king with riches and they loved him so much that they made him their king and joyfully paid taxes to him.
This puts me in mind of the huge business corporations today. They make huge contributions to both sides of those running for the highest office in the country (a form of bribery) and in return get repaid in political favours and changes to the law that favour their agendas, without any regard for the people. In such a manor they too “usurped the government”. The people are manipulated, brainwashed and deceived over and over again, and yet, they still do not comprehend what is happening to them. Many will consider it their “patriotic duty” to pay taxes and report anyone they know who does not pay their due diligence.
In the beginning it was not so. Man was intended to be independent. If Adam had not of sinned, this would be the way today also. There would have been no such thing as death and disease. Man was commanded in the beginning to multiply and care for the Earth. They would have had food in abundance, rain in due season and all the other blessings of Yahuwah. There would have been no need of a police force, military, walled cities and politicians. It truly would have been one planet under Yahuwah and peace would have been the norm, rather than the exception. Every family would have had their own plot of land and would have truly loved their neighbour as themselves. The burial of the dead would have been free as it should be. A few years back, I paid $10,000 to bury my father.
The following points to one more discrepancy between the Book of Jasher and the Torah.
11 And Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, the same was Shem, went out with his men to meet Abram and his people, with bread and wine, and they remained together in the valley of Melech.
12 And Adonizedek blessed Abram, and Abram gave him a tenth from all that he had brought from the spoil of his enemies, for Adonizedek was a priest before Elohim.
Gen. 14:18 – And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the Most High Elohim.
19 – And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the Most High Elohim, possessor of heaven and earth:
20 – And blessed be the Most High Elohim, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
In the Book of Genesis as well as the book of Hebrews, it is made very clear that it was Melchizadek that met Abraham following his victory. No mention of Adonizedek is made until the Book of Joshua (chapter 10). Both titles are similar in meaning and apply to the same office, but the former applied to Shem, who was long dead by the time of Adonizedek. I am not sure of the reason for the change to this title, but they were definitely two different and distinct human beings. Shem was true to Yahuwah, but the Adonizedek of Joshua’s time was certainly hostile towards Yahuwah and His anointed people, Israel.
The following is a confirmation of the Shema.
22 – And he commanded him saying, Dost thou not know and understand Yahuwah is Elohim in heaven and in earth, and there is no other beside him?
This statement is made numerous times throughout the Scriptures and the entire Hebrew faith is centered around it. Yet the lying ministers continue to espouse their ridiculous theories about a Trinity or a Binity of the “godhead”. Both theories come straight out of paganism, but the people blindly follow their blind leaders in these unrighteous doctrines. We will soon get into what Enoch has to say concerning the Messiah.
The Torah does not mention the demise of King Nimrod at all. The following is what the Book of Jasher has to say concerning it.
1. And Esau at that time, after the death of Abraham, frequently went in the field to hunt.
2. And Nimrod king of Babel, the same was Amraphel, also frequently went with his mighty men to hunt in the field, and to walk about with his men in the cool of the day.
3. And Nimrod was observing Esau all the days, for a jealousy was formed in the heart of Nimrod against Esau all the days.
4. And on a certain day Esau went in the field to hunt, and he found Nimrod walking in the wilderness with his two men.
5. And all his mighty men and his people were with him in the wilderness, but they removed at a distance from him, and they went from him in different directions to hunt, and Esau concealed himself for Nimrod, and he lurked for him in the wilderness.
6. And Nimrod and his men that were with him did not know him, and Nimrod and his men frequently walked about in the field at the cool of the day, and to know where his men were hunting in the field.
7. And Nimrod and two of his men that were with him came to the place where they were, when Esau started suddenly from his lurking place, and drew his sword, and hastened and ran to Nimrod and cut off his head.
8. And Esau fought a desperate fight with the two men that were with Nimrod, and when they called out to him, Esau turned to them and smote them to death with his sword.
Other stories that I have heard concerning the death of Nimrod were, 1 – that he was killed by Shem and 2 – that he was gored by a wild boar. This is the only recorded account in either of the three books we are studying as to what actually happened to him.
15 And when Nimrod the son of Cush died, his men lifted him up and brought him in consternation, and buried him in his city, and all the days that Nimrod lived were two hundred and fifteen years and he died.
Here is another excerpt from Jasher that is not mentioned in the Torah.
18 At that time Isaac sent his younger son Jacob to the house of Shem and Eber, and he learned the instructions of Yahuwah, and Jacob remained in the house of Shem and Eber for thirty-two years, and Esau his brother did not go, for he was not willing to go, and he remained in his father’s house in the land of Canaan.
68 And with thy strong hand and outstretched arm deliver my sons and their servants from them, for power and might are in thy hands to do all this.
Both of these terms appear frequently throughout the Torah. Both apply to the pre-incarnate Messiah.
I have skipped over many chapters here that deal with the exploits of the sons of Jacob. They are well worth reading. The following is yet one more discrepancy between the Torah and the Book of Jasher concerning the Ark of the Covenant.
13 Let not Levi carry with you, for he and his sons will carry the ark of the covenant of Yahuwah with the Israelites in the camp, neither let Joseph my son carry, for as a king so let his glory be; howbeit, Ephraim and Manasseh shall be in their stead.
The Ark of the Covenant is not mentioned in the Torah until the time of the exodus. Exodus 25, verses 10-16 gives the account of how Yahuwah instructed it to be built. If there had been a previous Ark of the Covenant, no mention is made of it in the Torah. Genesis 50 gives the account of Jacob’s burial, but no mention is made of the Ark of the Covenant. Neither does it mention that the descendants of Esau tried to prevent Joseph and the other sons of Israel from burying Jacob there.
50. And they came unto Kireath-arba, to the cave, and as they came Esau stood with his sons against Joseph and his brethren as a hindrance in the cave, saying, Jacob shall not be buried therein, for it belongeth to us and to our father.
51. And Joseph and his brethren heard the words of Esau’s sons, and they were exceedingly wroth, and Joseph approached unto Esau, saying, What is this thing which they have spoken? surely my father Jacob bought it from thee for great riches after the death of Isaac, now five and twenty years ago, and also all the land of Canaan he bought from thee and from thy sons, and thy seed after thee.
52. And Jacob bought it for his sons and his seed after him for an inheritance forever, and why speakest thou these things this day?
53. And Esau answered, saying, Thou speakest falsely and utterest lies, for I sold not anything belonging to me in all this land, as thou sayest, neither did my brother Jacob buy aught belonging to me in this land.
Esau out and out lied to Joseph thinking that he did not witness the transaction and therefore could not prove that it took place. He did not know that Jacob had recorded the transaction and that the document was in Egypt. Jacob sent his brother Naphtali to go get the document; however, Esau did not want to wait for he knew he would be proven a liar. Instead he decided to do battle with the sons of Jacob. Big mistake!
60 And when Esau saw that Naphtali had gone to fetch the records, he and his sons increased their resistance against the cave, and Esau and all his people rose up against Joseph and his brethren to battle.
And all the sons of Jacob and the people of Egypt fought with Esau and his men, and the sons of Esau and his people were smitten before the sons of Jacob, and the sons of Jacob slew of Esau’s people forty men.
And Chushim the son of Dan, the son of Jacob, was at that time with Jacob’s sons, but he was about a hundred cubits distant from the place of battle, for he remained with the children of Jacob’s sons by Jacob’s bier to guard it.
And Chushim was dumb and deaf, still he understood the voice of consternation amongst men.
And he asked, saying, Why do you not bury the dead, and what is this great consternation? and they answered him the words of Esau and his sons; and he ran to Esau in the midst of the battle, and he slew Esau with a sword, and he cut off his head, and it sprang to a distance, and Esau fell amongst the people of the battle.
The book of Jasher then goes on in great detail concerning the exploit of the Israelites in Egypt and the later enslavement of them and all the hardships that they endured. After reading their exploits I had to wonder why they took so much abuse from the Egyptians. Two possible conclusions are that Yahuwah did not want them to or the Israelites had lost faith in their Elohim to guarantee them a victory.
One character mentioned in this section is Balaam the son of Beor. He is also mentioned in the Torah but not much background is given there.
8. And amongst the servants of Angeas was a youth fifteen years old, Balaam the son of Beor was his name and the youth was very wise and understood the art of witchcraft.
9. And Angeas said unto Balaam, Conjure for us, I pray thee, with the witchcraft, that we may know who will prevail in this battle to which we are now proceeding.
10. And Balaam ordered that they should bring him wax, and he made thereof the likeness of chariots and horsemen representing the army of Angeas and the army of Egypt, and he put them in the cunningly prepared waters that he had for that purpose, and he took in his hand the boughs of myrtle trees, and he exercised his cunning, and he joined them over the water, and there appeared unto him in the water the resembling images of the hosts of Angeas falling before the resembling images of the Egyptians and the sons of Jacob.
11. And Balaam told this thing to Angeas, and Angeas despaired and did not arm himself to go down to Egypt to battle, and he remained in his city.
Also mentioned in this chapter is the existence of a creature we know as a centaur.
14 And it was one day that Zepho lost a young heifer, and he went to seek it, and he heard it lowing round about the mountain.
15 And Zepho went and he saw and behold there was a large cave at the bottom of the mountain, and there was a great stone there at the entrance of the cave, and Zepho split the stone and he came into the cave and he looked and behold, a large animal was devouring the ox; from the middle upward it resembled a man, and from the middle downward it resembled an animal, and Zepho rose up against the animal and slew it with his swords.
According to Dictionary.com a centaur is, “one of a race of monsters having the head, trunk, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse.” Jasher does not clarify what sort of animal the bottom half was.
The following concerns a man named Job.
15 And an officer, one of the king’s counsellors, whose name was Job, from Mesopotamia, in the land of Uz, answered the king, saying,
If it please the king, let him hear the counsel of his servant; and the king said unto him, Speak.
And Job spoke before the king, the princes, and before all the elders of Egypt, saying,
Behold the counsel of the king which he advised formerly respecting the labor of the children of Israel is very good, and you must not remove from them that labor forever.
But this is the advice counselled by which you may lessen them, if it seems good to the king to afflict them.
Behold we have feared war for a long time, and we said, When Israel becomes fruitful in the land, they will drive us from the land if a war should take place.
If it please the king, let a royal decree go forth, and let it be written in the laws of Egypt which shall not be revoked, that every male child born to the Israelites, his blood shall be spilled upon the ground.
And by your doing this, when all the male children of Israel shall have died, the evil of their wars will cease; let the king do so and send for all the Hebrew midwives and order them in this matter to execute it; so the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Job.
Job 1:1 – There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared Elohim, and eschewed evil.
2 – And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters.
3 – His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
It is hard to believe that these two books are talking about the same person. Is it just a coincidence that both have the same name and come from the land of Uz? The Job of Jasher certainly does not seem as righteous as the Job from the book of the same name in Scriptures. In fact he seems quite the opposite.
18 And Balaam the son of Beor answered the king and said unto him, This means nothing else but a great evil that will spring up against Egypt in the latter days.
19 For a son will be born to Israel who will destroy all Egypt and its inhabitants, and bring forth the Israelites from Egypt with a mighty hand.
20 Now therefore, O king, take counsel upon this matter, that you may destroy the hope of the children of Israel and their expectation, before this evil arise against Egypt.
The following occurred after the Pharaoh decreed that all male children born to the Israelites were to be cast into the river (to drown).
54. And from that day forward, when the time of delivery arrived to those women of Israel who had remained with their husbands, they went to the field to bring forth there, and they brought forth in the field, and left their children upon the field and returned home.
55. And Yahuwah who had sworn to their ancestors to multiply them, sent one of his ministering angels which are in heaven to wash each child in water, to anoint and swathe it and to put into its hands two smooth stones from one of which it sucked milk and from the other honey, and he caused its hair to grow to its knees, by which it might cover itself; to comfort it and to cleave to it, through his compassion for it.
56. And when Elohim had compassion over them and had desired to multiply them upon the face of the land, he ordered his earth to receive them to be preserved therein till the time of their growing up, after which the earth opened its mouth and vomited them forth and they sprouted forth from the city like the herb of the earth, and the grass of the forest, and they returned each to his family and to his father’s house, and they remained with them.
57. And the babes of the children of Israel were upon the earth like the herb of the field, through Elohim ‘s grace to them.
58. And when all the Egyptians saw this thing, they went forth, each to his field with his yoke of oxen and his ploughshare, and they ploughed it up as one ploughs the earth at seed time.
59. And when they ploughed they were unable to hurt the infants of the children of Israel, so the people increased and waxed exceedingly.
60. And Pharaoh ordered his officers daily to go to Goshen to seek for the babes of the children of Israel.
61. And when they had sought and found one, they took it from its mother’s bosom by force, and threw it into the river, but the female child they left with its mother; thus did the Egyptians do to the Israelites all the days.
I know, this sounds a little fairy-tailish, but then so do most of the miracles of Yahuwah, so who can say. The only part the Scriptures mention is the command of the Pharaoh to cast the new born males into the river.
And it was at that time the spirit of God was upon Miriam the daughter of Amram the sister of Aaron, and she went forth and prophesied about the house, saying, Behold a son will be born unto us from my father and mother this time, and he will save Israel from the hands of Egypt.
And when Amram heard the words of his daughter, he went and took his wife back to the house, after he had driven her away at the time when Pharaoh ordered every male child of the house of Jacob to be thrown into the water.
So Amram took Jochebed his wife, three years after he had driven her away, and he came to her and she conceived.
And at the end of seven months from her conception she brought forth a son, and the whole house was filled with great light as of the light of the sun and moon at the time of their shining.
And when the woman saw the child that it was good and pleasing to the sight, she hid it for three months in an inner room.
At the time, because of the command of the Pharaoh for the Israelites to slay all male children born to them, many of the men of Israel separated themselves from their wives so that they would not become pregnant and therefore they would not have to slay their children. However, when Amram heard the words of his daughter, he knew that her vision was of Yahuwah and he returned to his wife so that she might conceive this child of whom others had also prophesied. Here we also see that Moshe was born 2 months prematurely, perhaps so that his mother did not show too much and give away the fact that she was pregnant. I suspect that where it talks about the house being filled with great light at his birth; this was either the Shekinah glory filling the house, or, like with Noah, this child’s face also shone like the sun.
24 And at the end of two years, when the child grew up, she brought him to the daughter of Pharaoh, and he was unto her as a son, and she called his name Moses, for she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
25 And Amram his father called his name Chabar, for he said, It was for him that he associated with his wife whom he had turned away.
26. And Jochebed his mother called his name Jekuthiel, Because, she said, I have hoped for him to the Almighty, and God restored him unto me.
27. And Miriam his sister called him Jered, for she descended after him to the river to know what his end would be.
28. And Aaron his brother called his name Abi Zanuch, saying, My father left my mother and returned to her on his account.
29. And Kehath the father of Amram called his name Abigdor, because on his account did God repair the breach of the house of Jacob, that they could no longer throw their male children into the water.
30. And their nurse called him Abi Socho, saying, In his tabernacle was he hidden for three months, on account of the children of Ham.
31. And all Israel called his name Shemaiah, son of Nethanel, for they said, In his days has God heard their cries and rescued them from their oppressors.
This must have been quite confusing having so many different names. I wonder why the Scriptures stuck with his Egyptian name? I kind of like the name “Shemaiah” best. It was likely originally spelt Shamayah. The Shema, of course is at the core of the Hebrew faith glorifying Yahuwah as the only true Creator Elohim. “Yah” of course is the abbreviated form of the name, Yahuwah.
Apparently the young Moshe had at one point snatched the crown from the head of Pharaoh and put it on his own head. Pharaoh had called all his wise men together to find out what this meant. They all interpreted the action as a sign that the child would grow up and usurp Pharaoh. They all recommended that he be put to death. However, Yahuwah had sent one of his angels among them also and he recommended a different course of action.
20 – And Balaam said to the king, Let us moreover call for all the judges of Egypt and the wise men thereof, and let us know if the judgment of death is due to this boy as thou didst say, and then we will slay him.
21 – And Pharaoh sent and called for all the wise men of Egypt and they came before the king, and an angel of Yahuwah came amongst them, and he was like one of the wise men of Egypt.
22 – And the king said to the wise men, Surely you have heard what this Hebrew boy who is in the house has done, and thus has Balaam judged in the matter.
23 – Now judge you also and see what is due to the boy for the act he has committed.
24 – And the angel, who seemed like one of the wise men of Pharaoh, answered and said as follows, before all the wise men of Egypt and before the king and the princes:
25 – If it please the king let the king send for men who shall bring before him an onyx stone and a coal of fire, and place them before the child, and if the child shall stretch forth his hand and take the onyx stone, then shall we know that with wisdom has the youth done all that he has done, and we must slay him.
26 – But if he stretch forth his hand upon the coal, then shall we know that it was not with knowledge that he did this thing, and he shall live.
27 – And the thing seemed good in the eyes of the king and the princes, so the king did according to the word of the angel of Yahuwah.
28 – And the king ordered the onyx stone and coal to be brought and placed before Moses.
29 – And they placed the boy before them, and the lad endeavored to stretch forth his hand to the onyx stone, but the angel of Yahuwah took his hand and placed it upon the coal, and the coal became extinguished in his hand, and he lifted it up and put it into his mouth, and burned part of his lips and part of his tongue, and he became heavy in mouth and tongue.
30 – And when the king and princes saw this, they knew that Moses had not acted with wisdom in taking off the crown from the king’s head.
31- So the king and princes refrained from slaying the child, so Moses remained in Pharaoh’s house, growing up, and Yahuwah was with him.
Well, now we know what sort of speech impediment Moshe had and the cause of it.
33 And when Moses grew up in the king’s house, Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh considered him as a son, and all the household of Pharaoh honored him, and all the men of Egypt were afraid of him.
34. And he daily went forth and came into the land of Goshen, where his brethren the children of Israel were, and Moses saw them daily in shortness of breath and hard labor.
And Moses asked them, saying, Wherefore is this labor meted out unto you day by day?
And they told him all that had befallen them, and all the injunctions which Pharaoh had put upon them before his birth.
And they told him all the counsels which Balaam the son of Beor had counselled against them, and what he had also counselled against him in order to slay him when he had taken the king’s crown from off his head.
And when Moses heard these things his anger was kindled against Balaam, and he sought to kill him, and he was in ambush for him day by day.
And Balaam was afraid of Moses, and he and his two sons rose up and went forth from Egypt, and they fled and delivered their souls and betook themselves to the land of Cush to Kikianus, king of Cush.
And Moses was in the king’s house going out and coming in, Yahuwah gave him favor in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants, and in the eyes of all the people of Egypt, and they loved Moses exceedingly.
It looks like all of Balaam’s false prophesies did an about face and bit him in the backside. None of this is in the Torah either. I did pass over other references to Balaam as well, but I am thinking to do a separate study on him later.
51 And Moses became great in the eyes of all the Egyptians, and in the eyes of all the children of Israel, seeking good for his people Israel and speaking words of peace regarding them to the king.
Nothing is mentioned in the Torah concerning Moshe advocating for his people before the Pharaoh previous to his flight from Egypt.
And when Moses was eighteen years old, he desired to see his father and mother and he went to them to Goshen, and when Moses had come near Goshen, he came to the place where the children of Israel were engaged in work, and he observed their burdens, and he saw an Egyptian smiting one of his Hebrew brethren.
And when the man who was beaten saw Moses he ran to him for help, for the man Moses was greatly respected in the house of Pharaoh, and he said to him, My lord attend to me, this Egyptian came to my house in the night, bound me, and came to my wife in my presence, and now he seeks to take my life away.
And when Moses heard this wicked thing, his anger was kindled against the Egyptian, and he turned this way and the other, and when he saw there was no man there he smote the Egyptian and hid him in the sand, and delivered the Hebrew from the hand of him that smote him.
We are told Moshe’s age at the time of this incident and, also, the fact that this Egyptian did not only beat the Hebrew man, but that he had gone to the man’s house the night before, tied him up, made him watch as he raped his wife and was now bent on murdering him. So this was more than just a simple beating to make him work harder.
4. And the Hebrew went to his house, and Moses returned to his home, and went forth and came back to the king’s house.
And when the man had returned home, he thought of repudiating his wife, for it was not right in the house of Jacob, for any man to come to his wife after she had been defiled.
And the woman went and told her brothers, and the woman’s brothers sought to slay him, and he fled to his house and escaped.
Following his salvation from certain death, the Hebrew man returned home and sought to do evil towards his wife – wanting to divorce her, even though she was raped and did not commit adultery. It sounds a lot like what is practiced in some Muslim countries today, only they don’t divorce their wives, they kill them, as they do with their daughters also. He was clearly a witness to the rape, so he had no excuse for his actions. Thank Yahuwah for the women’s rights we have in our Western nations.
9. And Pharaoh heard of this affair, and he ordered Moses to be slain, so Elohim sent his angel, and he appeared unto Pharaoh in the likeness of a captain of the guard.
10. And the angel of Yahuwah took the sword from the hand of the captain of the guard, and took his head off with it, for the likeness of the captain of the guard was turned into the likeness of Moses.
And the angel of Yahuwah took hold of the right hand of Moses, and brought him forth from Egypt, and placed him from without the borders of Egypt, a distance of forty days’ journey.
We are not told of this event in the Torah either. It seems that angels can be pretty tricky when they want to be. He made himself appear as the captain of the guard and the captain of the guard appeared as Moshe.
22 And Moses was eighteen years old when he fled from Egypt from the presence of Pharaoh, and he fled and escaped to the camp of Kikianus, which at that time was besieging Cush.
23. And Moses was nine years in the camp of Kikianus king of Cush, all the time that they were besieging Cush, and Moses went out and came in with them.
And the king and princes and all the fighting men loved Moses, for he was great and worthy, his stature was like a noble lion, his face was like the sun, and his strength was like that of a lion, and he was counsellor to the king.
And at the end of nine years, Kikianus was seized with a mortal disease, and his illness prevailed over him, and he died on the seventh day.
34. And they wished to choose on that day a man for king from the army of Kikianus, and they found no object of their choice like Moses to reign over them.
And they hastened and stripped off each man his garments and cast them upon the ground, and they made a great heap and placed Moses thereon.
And they rose up and blew with trumpets and called out before him, and said, May the king live, may the king live!
5. Moses was twenty-seven years old when he began to reign over Cush, and forty years did he reign.
The Torah gives the impression that Moses went immediately to the land of Midian, took a wife and began a family. No mention is made anywhere concerning him becoming a king over these people and serving them for 40 years, plus the 9 years he was with them before his coronation.
28 And Balaam the magician, when he saw that the city was taken, he opened the gate and he and his two sons and eight brothers fled and returned to Egypt to Pharaoh king of Egypt.
29 They are the sorcerers and magicians who are mentioned in the book of the law, standing against Moses when Yahuwah brought the plagues upon Egypt.
30 So Moses took the city by his wisdom, and the children of Cush placed him on the throne instead of Kikianus king of Cush.
31 And they placed the royal crown upon his head, and they gave him for a wife Adoniah the Cushite queen, wife of Kikianus.
32 And Moses feared Yahuwah Elohim of his fathers, so that he came not to her, nor did he turn his eyes to her.
33 For Moses remembered how Abraham had made his servant Eliezer swear, saying unto him, Thou shalt not take a woman from the daughters of Canaan for my son Isaac.
The following is the reason why none of the seed of Abraham were allowed to choose wives from the Canaanites.
35. For Yahuwah our Elohim gave Ham the son of Noah, and his children and all his seed, as slaves to the children of Shem and to the children of Japheth, and unto their seed after them for slaves, forever.
Genesis 9:20 – And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
21 – And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.
22 – And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.
23 – And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness.
24 – And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.
25 – And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
26 – And he said, Blessed be Yahuwah Elohim of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
27 – Elohim shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
The implication here is that because Ham gazed upon his father’s nakedness and did not cover him. Some believe that Ham may have even committed some sort of homosexual act on his father or gazed upon him with homosexual lust. Yahuwah cursed his youngest son, Canaan, because of his father’s sin. Therefore, were the sons of Ham cursed through Canaan’s line.
Also included in the Book of Jasher is the story of the first group of Israelites to try to leave Egypt before the allotted time that Yahuwah had determined for them to remain there.
At that time, in the hundred and eightieth year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, there went forth from Egypt valiant men, thirty thousand on foot, from the children of Israel, who were all of the tribe of Joseph, of the children of Ephraim the son of Joseph.
For they said the period was completed which Yahuwah had appointed to the children of Israel in the times of old, which he had spoken to Abraham.
And these men girded themselves, and they put each man his sword at his side, and every man his armor upon him, and they trusted to their strength, and they went out together from Egypt with a mighty hand.
But they brought no provision for the road, only silver and gold, not even bread for that day did they bring in their hands, for they thought of getting their provision for pay from the Philistines, and if not they would take it by force.
And these men were very mighty and valiant men, one man could pursue a thousand and two could rout ten thousand, so they trusted to their strength and went together as they were.
These men did not consult Yahuwah in this matter, but trusted in their own strength, assuming that Yahuwah would be with them as in all the times before.
15. And these men were engaged in battle with the children of Ephraim, and Yahuwah delivered the children of Ephraim into the hands of the Philistines.
16. And they smote all the children of Ephraim, all who had gone forth from Egypt, none were remaining but ten men who had run away from the engagement.
For this evil was from Yahuwah against the children of Ephraim, for they transgressed the word of Yahuwah in going forth from Egypt, before the period had arrived which Yahuwah in the days of old had appointed to Israel.
The following describes the end of Moshe’s rule over the children of Cush
And Moses the son of Amram was still king in the land of Cush in those days, and he prospered in his kingdom, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in justice, in righteousness, and integrity.
And all the children of Cush loved Moses all the days that he reigned over them, and all the inhabitants of the land of Cush were greatly afraid of him.
And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Moses was sitting on the royal throne whilst Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around him.
And Adoniah the queen said before the king and the princes, What is this thing which you, the children of Cush, have done for this long time?
Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over Cush he has not approached me, nor has he served the gods of the children of Cush.
Now therefore hear, O ye children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you as he is not of our flesh.
Behold Menacrus my son is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to serve the son of your lord, than to serve a stranger, slave of the king of Egypt.
And all the people and nobles of the children of Cush heard the words which Adoniah the queen had spoken in their ears.
And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up early and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, king over them.
And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moses, for Yahuwah was with Moses, and the children of Cush remembered the oath which they swore unto Moses, therefore they did no harm to him.
But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moses, and sent him from them with great honor.
So Moses went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over Cush, and Moses was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the thing was from Yahuwah, for the period had arrived which he had appointed in the days of old, to bring forth Israel from the affliction of the children of Ham.
So Moses went to Midian, for he was afraid to return to Egypt on account of Pharaoh, and he went and sat at a well of water in Midian.
Although the people of Cush had given Moshe one of their women (the wife of the former king) for a wife, he would not touch her, for the entire 40 years that he reigned there, because she was not of Israelite descent. Adoniah used this fact, plus the fact that Moshe refused to worship their false gods, to encourage the people of Cush to dethrone Moshe and place Adoniah’s son on the throne. This is perhaps the only recorded time that the subjects of the king did not follow his system of worship. However, they were afraid to do any harm to Moshe because they knew Yahuwah was with him. I find it curious that even though they recognized the fact that Yahuwah was so much greater than their own gods, they did nothing to learn the ways of Yahuwah. On the other hand, perhaps it was Yahuwah that did not want them to know Him. So, they merely sent Moshe away with great riches and he travelled on to the land of the Midianites. The report in Exodus differs somewhat from that of Jasher.
Exodus 2:15 – Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
16 – Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.
17 – And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
18 – And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?
19 – And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.
20 – And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.
21 – And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.
22 – And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.
17 And they came home to their father Reuel, and told him what Moses did for them.
18. And they said, An Egyptian man has delivered us from the hands of the shepherds, he drew up water for us and watered the flock.
And Reuel said to his daughters, And where is he? wherefore have you left the man?
And Reuel sent for him and fetched him and brought him home, and he ate bread with him.
And Moses related to Reuel that he had fled from Egypt and that he reigned forty years over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent him away in peace with honor and with presents.
And when Reuel had heard the words of Moses, Reuel said within himself, I will put this man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he has fled from them.
And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moses was in prison ten years, and whilst Moses was in the prison house, Zipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity over him, and supported him with bread and water all the time.
Apparently it was the custom of the Midianites to cast people into the prison with no food so that they might die there.
26. And Moses the son of Amram was still confined in the dungeon in those days, in the house of Reuel the Midianite, and Zipporah the daughter of Reuel did support him with food secretly day by day.
And Moses was confined in the dungeon in the house of Reuel for ten years.
And at the end of ten years which was the first year of the reign of Pharaoh over Egypt, in the place of his father,
Zipporah said to her father Reuel, No person inquires or seeks after the Hebrew man, whom thou didst bind in prison now ten years.
Now therefore, if it seem good in thy sight, let us send and see whether he is living or dead, but her father knew not that she had supported him.
And Reuel her father answered and said to her, Has ever such a thing happened that a man should be shut up in a prison without food for ten years, and that he should live?
And Zipporah answered her father, saying, Surely thou hast heard that the Elohim of the Hebrews is great and awful, and does wonders for them at all times.
He it was who delivered Abraham from Ur of the Chaldeans, and Isaac from the sword of his father, and Jacob from the angel of Yahuwah who wrestled with him at the ford of Jabbuk.
Also with this man has he done many things, he delivered him from the river in Egypt and from the sword of Pharaoh, and from the children of Cush, so also can he deliver him from famine and make him live.
And the thing seemed good in the sight of Reuel, and he did according to the word of his daughter, and sent to the dungeon to ascertain what became of Moses.
And he saw, and behold the man Moses was living in the dungeon, standing upon his feet, praising and praying to the God of his ancestors.
And Reuel commanded Moses to be brought out of the dungeon, so they shaved him and he changed his prison garments and ate bread.
Meanwhile, back in Egypt, the Pharaoh who sought to kill Moshe had died and one of his sons ruled in his place.
52. And Othri the first born of the king was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.
But Adikam was a cunning and wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Egypt, but of unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very short in stature; his height was one cubit.
And when the king saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the king resolved that he should be king in his stead after his death.
6. And Adikam was exceedingly ugly, and he was a cubit and a span and he had a great beard which reached to the soles of his feet.
This was the same Pharaoh that Moshe confronted when he returned to Egypt. A cubit and a span would be approximately 3 ½ feet or 42 inches.
The following is concerning the stick or staff that Moshe held in his hand when appeared before the Pharaoh.
77. And afterward Moses went into the garden of Reuel which was behind the house, and he there prayed to Yahuwah his Elohim, who had done mighty wonders for him.
78. And it was that whilst he prayed he looked opposite to him, and behold a sapphire stick was placed in the ground, which was planted in the midst of the garden.
And he approached the stick and he looked, and behold the name of Yahuwah Elohim of hosts was engraved thereon, written and developed upon the stick.
And he read it and stretched forth his hand and he plucked it like a forest tree from the thicket, and the stick was in his hand.
And this is the stick with which all the works of our Elohim were performed, after he had created heaven and earth, and all the host of them, seas, rivers and all their fishes.
And when Elohim had driven Adam from the garden of Eden, he took the stick in his hand and went and tilled the ground from which he was taken.
And the stick came down to Noah and was given to Shem and his descendants, until it came into the hand of Abraham the Hebrew.
And when Abraham had given all he had to his son Isaac, he also gave to him this stick.
And when Jacob had fled to Padan-aram, he took it into his hand, and when he returned to his father he had not left it behind him.
Also when he went down to Egypt he took it into his hand and gave it to Joseph, one portion above his brethren, for Jacob had taken it by force from his brother Esau.
And after the death of Joseph, the nobles of Egypt came into the house of Joseph, and the stick came into the hand of Reuel the Midianite, and when he went out of Egypt, he took it in his hand and planted it in his garden.
And all the mighty men of the Kinites tried to pluck it when they endeavored to get Zipporah his daughter, but they were unsuccessful.
So that stick remained planted in the garden of Reuel, until he came who had a right to it and took it.
And when Reuel saw the stick in the hand of Moses, he wondered at it, and he gave him his daughter Zipporah for a wife.
Here is another odd discrepancy that only appears in the Torah. The name of Moshe’s father-in-law is first known as Reuel.
Ex. 2:18 – And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?
Exodus 3:1 – Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of Elohim, even to Horeb.
No explanation is given for this change of names. The Book of Jasher; however, does not deviate from the name, Reuel. The answer is that the name Jethro is not a proper name, but rather a title given to the priests of Midian.
The following account is not mentioned in the Torah either. The following is an account of when Moshe and Aaron first went to the Pharaoh.
21. And when they came to the king’s gate, two young lions were confined there with iron instruments, and no person went out or came in from before them, unless those whom the king ordered to come, when the conjurors came and withdrew the lions by their incantations, and this brought them to the king.
22. And Moses hastened and lifted up the stick upon the lions, and he loosed them, and Moses and Aaron came into the king’s house.
23. The lions also came with them in joy, and they followed them and rejoiced as a dog rejoices over his master when he comes from the field.
And when Pharaoh saw this thing he was astonished at it, and he was greatly terrified at the report, for their appearance was like the appearance of the children of Elohim.
No mention is made in the Torah of these lions. I have always thought that before Adam’s sin, he would have had such dominion over all the animal kingdom. There were no carnivores at the time. Lions ate hey like the cattle. It was as it is prophesied for the end, the lion will lay down with the lamb and a child will lead them.
Also, not mentioned in the Torah is the fact that both Moshe and Aaron bore the “appearance of the children of Elohim”, This is talking of angels, not men. So, both of their faces would have been shining like the sun.
Another discrepancy concerns the length of time between the first sign Moshe showed Pharaoh and the second sign.
And at the end of two years, Yahuwah again sent Moses to Pharaoh to bring forth the children of Israel, and to send them out of the land of Egypt.
Ex. 7:12 – For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods.
13 – And he hardened Pharaoh’s heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as Yahuwah had said.
14 – And Yahuwah said unto Moses, Pharaoh’s heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.
15 – Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river’s brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand.
The Torah has Moshe returning to the Pharaoh the next day and Jasher claims it was two years before he returned. A two year wait really does not make much sense to me.
19. And when the Egyptians hid themselves on account of the swarm of animals, they locked their doors after them, and Elohim ordered the Sulanuth which was in the sea, to come up and go into Egypt.
And she had long arms, ten cubits in length of the cubit of a man.
And she went upon the roofs and uncovered the raftering and flooring and cut them, and stretched forth her arm into the house and removed the lock and the bolt, and opened the houses of Egypt.
Afterward came the swarm of animals into the houses of Egypt, and the swarm of animals destroyed the Egyptians, and it grieved them exceedingly.
From the description give, a Sulanuth is either an octopus or a squid. This plague is not mentioned in the Torah.
37 At that time died many of the people of Israel who had rebelled against Yahuwah and who would not hearken to Moses and Aaron, and believed not in them that Elohim had sent them.
And who had said, We will not go forth from Egypt lest we perish with hunger in a desolate wilderness, and who would not hearken to the voice of Moses.
And Yahuwah plagued them in the three days of darkness, and the Israelites buried them in those days, without the Egyptians knowing of them or rejoicing over them.
The Torah makes no mention of this incident.
6. And the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in the land of Egypt in hard labor, was two hundred and ten years.
And at the end of two hundred and ten years, Yahuwah brought forth the children of Israel from Egypt with a strong hand.
It is commonly believed that the children of Israel were in Egypt for 400-430 years. I could not find a verse in the Torah that agrees with this estimate. If anyone knows the verse that confirms this please let me know.
26 At that time the children of Israel continued their journey from the wilderness of Sinai, and they took a journey of three days, and the cloud rested upon the wilderness of Paran; there the anger of Yahuwah was kindled against Israel, for they had provoked Yahuwah in asking him for meat, that they might eat.
27. And Yahuwah hearkened to their voice, and gave them meat which they ate for one month.
But after this the anger of Yahuwah was kindled against them, and he smote them with a great slaughter, and they were buried there in that place.
Ex. 16:35 – And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.
36 – Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.
The only meat mentioned in the Torah is the Quail and I thought they received the quail forty years. However, Exodus 16 only mentions them receiving the manna for 40 years. Therefore, the account in Jasher may be quite true. If they wanted meat so bad, why didn’t they eat from the great abundance of their flocks? Perhaps it was their greed that angered Yahuwah so much, in not wanted to use up their own meat.
15. And Sihon sent messengers to Beor the son of Janeas, the son of Balaam, counsellor to the king of Egypt, and to Balaam his son, to curse Moab, in order that it might be delivered into the hand of Sihon.
There were two Balaams. The original was the great grandfather of the latter. Both were magicians or false prophets. Today, those who preach for a pay cheque are no different than the false prophets spoken of here. In this case; however, the false prophet actually harkened to the voice of Yahuwah and refused to curse Israel, even for pay.
52. And when the children of Israel abode in the plain of Shittim, they began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab.
Jasher does not mention that it was Balaam that came up with the plan to entice the men of Israel to mate with their women.
And the children of Israel warred against Midian, and they slew every male, also the five princes of Midian, and Balaam the son of Beor did they slay with the sword.
This was the younger Balaam, not the great grandfather.
64 And Yahuwah hearkened to the voice of Joshua, and the sun stood still in the midst of the heavens, and it stood still six and thirty moments, and the moon also stood still and hastened not to go down a whole day.
65. And there was no day like that, before it or after it that Yahuwah hearkened to the voice of a man, for Yahuwah fought for Israel.
Joshua 10:12 – Then spake Joshua to Yahuwah in the day when Yahuwah delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
13 – And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
14 – And there was no day like that before it or after it that Yahuwah hearkened unto the voice of a man: for Yahuwah fought for Israel.
Both Jasher and the Torah agree concerning this highly controversial event. The only difference seems to be the amount of time that the sun remained still. Jasher has it staying for six and thirty moments. I am not sure what they mean by a moment or if they are referring to the time that the sun began to stand still. In this report it sounds like only the moon stood still the whole day. However, since the Torah verifies the sun stood still the whole day (24 hours) I’m not sure what to make of Jasher’s report.
The Torah does not mention the demise of Cain specifically, but merely mentions:
Gen. 4:23 – And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.
24 – If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
Now were know that the man Lamech killed was Cain and the young man was his own son, Tubal Cain.
2. And the soul of Enoch was wrapped up in the instruction of Yahuwah, in knowledge and in understanding; and he wisely retired from the sons of men, and secreted himself from them for many days.
And Enoch rose up according to the word of Yahuwah, and went forth from his house, from his place and from the chamber in which he was concealed; and he went to the sons of men and taught them the ways of Yahuwah and at that time assembled the sons of men and acquainted them with the instruction of Yahuwah.
And he ordered it to be proclaimed in all places where the sons of men dwelt, saying, Where is the man who wishes to know the ways of Yahuwah and good works? Let him come to Enoch.
And all the sons of men then assembled to him, for all who desired this thing went to Enoch, and Enoch reigned over the sons of men according to the word of Yahuwah, and they came and bowed to him and they heard his word.
And the spirit of Elohim was upon Enoch, and he taught all his men the wisdom of Elohim and his ways, and the sons of men served Yahuwah all the days of Enoch, and they came to hear his wisdom.
And all the kings of the sons of men, both first and last, together with their princes and judges, came to Enoch when they heard of his wisdom, and they bowed down to him, and they also required of Enoch to reign over them, to which he consented.
And they assembled in all, one hundred and thirty kings and princes, and they made Enoch king over them and they were all under his power and command.
And Enoch taught them wisdom, knowledge, and the ways of Yahuwah; and he made peace amongst them, and peace was throughout the earth during the life of Enoch.
And Enoch reigned over the sons of men two hundred and forty-three years, and he did justice and righteousness with all his people, and he led them in the ways of Yahuwah.
In the Torah report, we are not told much of the details of the life of Enoch, only that:
Gen. 5:19 – And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
20 – And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.
21 – And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:
22 – And Enoch walked with Elohim after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
23 – And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:
24 – And Enoch walked with Elohim: and he was not; for Elohim took him.
In the Book of Jasher we find out that Enoch was well respected for his wisdom and devotion to Yahuwah. We also find out that Enoch ruled over the sons of men for 243 years; and that 130 kings and princes were under his command. That is pretty impressive. This would place Enoch in the Order of Melchizadek, even though Melchizadek would not come along until later. And, even later, Yahushua would attain this office. However, in his day, Enoch was the king of peace and high priest of the entire Earth before the Most High Elohim.
20. And he did in this manner for many years, and he afterward concealed himself for six days, and appeared to his people one day in seven; and after that once in a month, and then once in a year, until all the kings, princes and sons of men sought for him, and desired again to see the face of Enoch, and to hear his word; but they could not, as all the sons of men were greatly afraid of Enoch, and they feared to approach him on account of the Elohim-like awe that was seated upon his countenance; therefore no man could look at him, fearing he might be punished and die.
Enoch too took on an appearance like Elohim with his face shinning like the sun. This is the sign of one being filled with the spirit of Yahuwah. During his transfiguration, Yahushua’s face also appeared in such a manner. When Moshe came down from Mt. Sinai, his face, too, shone like the sun.
20. And he did in this manner for many years, and he afterward concealed himself for six days, and appeared to his people one day in seven; and after that once in a month, and then once in a year, until all the kings, princes and sons of men sought for him, and desired again to see the face of Enoch, and to hear his word; but they could not, as all the sons of men were greatly afraid of Enoch, and they feared to approach him on account of the Godlike awe that was seated upon his countenance; therefore no man could look at him, fearing he might be punished and die.
24. And in some time after, when the kings and princes and the sons of men were speaking to Enoch, and Enoch was teaching them the ways of Elohim, behold an angel of Yahuwah then called unto Enoch from heaven, and wished to bring him up to heaven to make him reign there over the sons of Elohim, as he had reigned over the sons of men upon earth.
25. When at that time Enoch heard this he went and assembled all the inhabitants of the earth, and taught them wisdom and knowledge and gave them divine instructions, and he said to them, I have been required to ascend into heaven, I therefore do not know the day of my going.
27. And at that time the sons of men were with Enoch, and Enoch was speaking to them, and they lifted up their eyes and the likeness of a great horse descended from heaven, and the horse paced in the air;
28. And they told Enoch what they had seen, and Enoch said to them, On my account does this horse descend upon earth; the time is come when I must go from you and I shall no more be seen by you.
29. And the horse descended at that time and stood before Enoch, and all the sons of men that were with Enoch saw him.
36. And when the kings returned they caused a census to be taken, in order to know the number of remaining men that went with Enoch; and it was upon the seventh day that Enoch ascended into heaven in a whirlwind, with horses and chariots of fire.
Read Gary Primo’s complete essay
Read complete Book of Jasher